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Jun 1992
French Mirage F-1 Irbil, Iraq crashed

The first loss of the coalition aircraft since Desert Storm. A French Mirage crashed near Irbil after engine failure in June 1992. Rescue forces quickly retrieved the pilot without incident.

Aug 26 1992

United Nations Security Council Resolution 688, passed in April 1991, demanded that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein end the repression of the Iraqi civilian population. Iraqi military bombing and strafing attacks against the Shi’ite Muslims in Southern Iraq during the remainder of 1991 and during 1992 indicated Hussein chose not to comply with the U.N. resolution. President George Bush announced Aug. 26, 1992, a decision by a coalition of U.N. forces to begin surveillance operations in Iraq below the 32nd parallel. The goal was to ensure Iraq’s compliance with UNSCR 688. To facilitate the monitoring, the coalition barred all Iraqi fixed and rotary wing aircraft from flying over the surveillance area. With the president’s announcement, U.S. Central Command activated Joint Task Force Southwest Asia, a command and control unit for coalition forces monitoring the no-fly zone. The mission was dubbed Operation Southern Watch. The first Southern Watch sortie was flown Aug. 27, 1992 - less than 24 hours after the announcement.

8 Sep 1992 USAF F-16C   crashed An F-16C crashed in southeastern Turkey enroute to northern Iraq in the area near the 36th Parallel to execute a combat patrol in support of the "Safe Haven" exercise by US Forces to keep Iraqi airpower from attacking Kurdish camps. The USAF pilot was identified as Don Snelbrove, who bailed out and was recovered without injury at around 09:20 pm (06:20 GMT).
30 Nov 1992 USAF F-15C Persian Gulf crashed A USAF F-15C crashed in the Persian Gulf and was reported to have had engine problems. The pilot ejected and was recovered.
Dec 27 1992 Iraqi MIG-25 Iraq, 20 miles south of the 32nd parallel shot down American officials said the incident began at 10:20 am, local time when two Iraqi planes flew south of the 32nd parallel, which marks the northern boundry of the air exclusion zone. Two American F-15C planes approached and asked the Iraqi's to identify themselves, and the Iraqi planes turned around and flew north. Twenty minutes later, another pair of MiG's flew south of the 32nd parallel. An American official said those two planes were believed to have taken off from the Iraqi Airfield at Al Kut, just north of the 32nd parallel. This time, the Iraqi planes were approached by a pair of American F-16's, which warned them by radio to leave the area. But when the Iraqi planes turned toward the American planes instead of flying away, the F-16's asked an AWACS battle-management plane flying over Saudi Arabia for permission to fire, in accordance with classified rules of engagement, American military officials said. One of the F-16 planes then fired an AMRAAM air-to-air missile, which struck the Iraqi plane. It is the first tume that the radar-guided missile has been used in combat. The pilot of Iraqi plane was missing and presumed dead.
Apr 14 1994 US Army UH-60 Incirlik, Turkey shot down Two U.S. Army Black Hawk helicopters and their crews assigned to Operation Provide Comfort were transporting U.S., United Kingdom, French, and Turkish military officers; Kurdish representatives; and a U.S. political advisor in northern Iraq. Concurrently, a U.S. Air Force AWACS aircraft flew over Turkey to provide airborne threat warning and control for Operation Provide Comfort aircraft, including the Black Hawk helicopters. The pilots of two U.S. F-15 fighters patrolling the area misidentified the Black Hawks as Iraqi Hind helicopters and shot them down, killing all 26 individuals aboard.
US Army UH-60
Jan 1 1997

Operation Northern Watch is a US European Command Combined Task Force (CTF) charged with enforcing the United Nations mandated no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq. The mission also entails monitoring Iraqi compliance with UN Security Council directives. The coalition partners of the United States, United Kingdom, and Turkey provide approximately 45 aircraft and more than 1,400 personnel to support Operation Northern Watch. The joint U.S. force of some 1,100 US personnel, includes sailors, soldiers and airmen from the Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps. The original mandate from the Turkish government allowed the operation to continue for 6 months. Turkey subsequently approved two 6-month extensions, but indicated that it would not become a permanent mission.

Jul 26 2000 USN F-14 Saudi Desert crashed/shot down ? A senior Iraqi general said on Saturday Iraq's anti-aircraft defense had shot down a U.S. F-14 fighter plane over southern Iraq in mid-July. In the only reference to a lost jet, the U.S. Navy's Central Command said in a statement received in Dubai on July 26 that an F-14 Tomcat jet crashed in the Saudi Arabian desert during a training flight on that day and its two crew members had ejected safely. The U.S. statement on July 26 said the plane which crashed was attached to the U.S. aircraft carrier Eisenhower which was operating in the Red Sea at the time.
Jan 21 2001 French Air Force Mirage F1 CR 50 miles south of the Saudi capital crashed A French Air Force fighter plane crashed in Saudi Arabia, killing the pilot, officials said Thursday. A Saudi Defense Ministry statement carried by the official Saudi Press Agency said the plane crashed Wednesday night several miles southeast of Prince Sultan Air Base, some 50 miles south of the Saudi capital. The French Defense Ministry said in a statement that the jet, a Mirage F1 CR, was from the 112 Base in Reims, France. The plane crashed due to a technical problem while flying on a training mission.
Jul 18 2001 USAF F-16 Turkey, 60 miles from Iraqi border crashed A U.S. F-16 fighter jet heading for a patrol over northern Iraq crashed in Turkey on Wednesday after apparently suffering engine problems, the first U.S. warplane to go down in more than 200,000 flights over the no-fly zones. The pilot, Lt. Michael A. Nelson, Jr., parachuted from the airplane safely and was in good health at Incirlik air base in Turkey. The F-16 went down near the town of Diyarbakir, 60 miles from the Iraqi border, and U.S. officials said there was no hostile fire directed at it. The F-16 that crashed Wednesday was part of the 510th Fighter Squadron based in Aviano air base in Italy.
Aug 27 2001 USAF PQ-1 Iraq, near city of Basra shot down A U.S. Air Force unmanned reconnaissance aircraft failed to return from a mission over southern Iraq and apparently was shot down by Iraqi air defense forces, a U.S. official said Monday. The plane, according to the news agency, contained ``high-tech equipment'' and was shot down near Basra, 340 miles south of Baghdad.
Sep 11 2001 USAF PQ-1 Iraq, near city of Basra shot down Iraq claimed Tuesday to have shot down a second U.S. spy plane in less than a month. A U.S. military spokesman said an unmanned plane is missing and its loss was being investigated. Maj. Brett Morris, spokesman for a U.S.-British military task force in the Persian Gulf, said the coalition force had lost an unmanned aircraft Tuesday similar to a U.S. spy plane lost last month. Morris said the plane took off early Tuesday for southeastern Iraq. The unmanned aircraft, which is controlled from land, disappeared later Tuesday morning while patrolling in the area, he said. Earlier Tuesday, the state-run Iraqi News Agency reported that the plane was shot down at 11:30 a.m. near the southern city of Basra, about 350 miles south of the capital, Baghdad, the state-run Iraqi News Agency reported.
Oct 10 2001 USAF PQ-1   shot down Iraq claimed to have shot down another unmanned U.S. spy plane over the southern no-fly zone. The Pentagon confirmed it lost the plane over Iraq on Wednesday. It is the third such aircraft lost this year over Iraq. The Pentagon said the aircraft may have crashed or been shot down.

May 25
USAF PQ-1 Kuwait crashed An unmanned Air Force aircraft returning from a routine surveillance mission in Iraq crashed Saturday as it was preparing to land at an airfield in Kuwait, the military said. The cause of the drone's crash was under investigation. According to U.S. Central Command the crash was not the result of enemy fire. The Predator unmanned aerial vehicle, which crashed at about 8:30 a.m. EDT, had been on a mission in support of Operation Southern Watch.



http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1027.pdf - Airpower and the Decade of Containment
http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/ops/southern_watch.htm - FAS, Operation Southern Watch
http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/ops/northern_watch.htm - FAS, Operation Northern Watch
http://reimari.saunalahti.fi/~fta/1992-ops.htm - Gulf War Chronology. 1992  Operations after war

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